Currency: The chronological relationship between the source’s date and my research need.
Authority: The author or creator of the information.
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
Was the information reviewed by others (editors or subject experts) before it was published?
Relevance: The extent to which this source meets my research needs.
Purpose: The reason the information exists.
Process: The effort and steps behind the creation and delivery of information.
“CAARPP Detector” by University of Notre Dame is adapted from CRAAPP Detector by Phoenix College which is adapted from the CSU-Chico CRAAP Test and created and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Information manifests in a wide variety of formats and contexts, including: images, charts, video, and audio.
"The Framework is organized into six frames, each consisting of a concept central to information literacy, a set of knowledge practices, and a set of dispositions. The six concepts that anchor the frames are presented alphabetically:
Association of College and Research Libraries (Filed by the ACRL Board on February 2, 2015. Adopted by the ACRL Board, January 11, 2016.)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
AAC&U. Scientific Thinking and Integrative Reasoning Skills [STIRS] Framework.
Busey, C.L. (2016, 14 October). Teaching the election with purpose: Toward a framework of racial media literacy and [socio] political consciousness when discussing elections in the social studies classroom. The Clearinghouse: A journal of educational strategies, issues and ideas, 89, 228-234. http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.nd.edu/10.1080/00098655.2016.1235954
Koc, M., Barut, E. (2016, October). Development and validation of New Media Literacy Scale (NMLS) for university students. Computers in human behavior, 63, 834–843. http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.nd.edu/10.1016/j.chb.2016.06.035
B.S. Detector (Chrome, Firefox, Safari)
Fake News Alert (Chrome)
This is Fake (Chrome, for Facebook feed)
Mantzarlis, A. (2015, 23 November). 6 tips to debunk fake news stories by yourself. Poynter. Retrieved from http://www.poynter.org/2015/6-tips-to-debunk-fake-news-stories-by-yourself/385625/
Nagler, C. (2016) 4 Tips for spotting a fake news story
Shore, J. (2017, 8 February). The Unbelievability of fake news
Zimdars, M. (2016) False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical "News" Sources
In the realm of historical:
"In this episode, Lucy debunks another of the biggest fibs in British history - the 'Glorious Revolution'." [Includes The Warming pan incident (6:40); 1st printed propaganda (25:29)]. "In 1688, the British Isles were invaded by a huge army led by Dutch prince, William of Orange. With his English wife Mary he stole the throne from Mary's father, the Catholic King James II. This was the death knell for absolute royal power and laid the foundations of our constitutional monarchy. It was spun as a 'glorious and bloodless revolution'. But how 'glorious' was it really? It led to huge slaughter in Ireland and Scotland. Lucy reveals how the facts and fictions surrounding 1688 have shaped our national story ever since."
Other instances, Ancient to modern
Adichie, C. N. (2009, July). Chimanda Ngozi Adichie: The danger of a single story. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story