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Scholarly Publishing

Managing Resources

Keeping track of your sources is a critically important part of research. There are many citation managers available. The most commonly used managers at Notre Dame are:

Mendeley  No-charge tool used in the sciences, supports Word, LibreOffice and LaTeX.

RefWorks Paid for by Notre Dame, you can keep your account past graduation.  Help for RefWorks

Zotero is a no-charge extension to Chrome and Firefox and supports Mac, Windows and Linux.


Social Media: Guide to Searching Twitter, FaceBook, Blogs, Videos, Images   Excellent source complied by Cornell University.

Purdue Owl (arguably the best online resource extant)

Notre Dame Writing Center

Reusing Content--how much is allowed?

Is this in the Public Domain? (covered by Fair Use)   The Copyright Slider can help you determine if a publication is in the public domain or not.  

Published in traditional Science/Technology/Medicine (STM)?  The International Association of STM Publishers has specific guidelines for how much of a previously published work (yours or someone else) can be reused without permission from the publisher and, how it should be cited.    If your publisher is listed  check the Permissions Guidelines for details.  Note: these are publisher guidelines, they are not law.  Your use may still be considered fair use and allowed under the copyright law. 

Published under a Creative Commons License? Use the Creative Commons Attribution Guidelines for how to acknowledge the original source of the publication. 

Checking your writing (spelling, grammar, word usage)

After the Deadline: downloadable, open source program to check spelling and grammar. No charge for personal use.

Editing and Proofreading Strategies:  an excellent guide provided by Colorado State University

English Verb Tenses: an online book (pdf) that provides basic explanations and examples provided by Chabot College.

LanguageTool checks for grammar and spelling

LanguageTool for LibreOffice describes itself as "style and grammar proofreading software."  LanguageTool claims to be a multilingual tool covering many northern, central and eastern European languages as well as some languages with non-Roman alphabets. 

Purdue Owl  Purdue's Writing Center has excellent resources on citing, writing, proof reading.

Road to Grammar:  quizzes and games to help develop grammar skills. 

Verbix conjugates verbs and provides examples, e.g. conditional present 'I would be writing' conditional perfect 'I would have been writing'. 

Citing Sources

American Anthropological Association (AAA)

Used for: Anthropology

Library Copy: available as PDF 

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Used for: Chemistry

Library Copy:  Available online through the ACS and at the Chem-Physics Library QD 8.5 .A25 2006

Quick Guide:   Created by Penn State University

American Management Association (AMA)

AMA Style guide for business writing:  Available in print Hesburgh Reference HF 5726 .A49 1996 and online

American Medical Association (AMA)

AMA Manual of style: a guide for authors and editors

Hesburgh Reference Collection:R 119 .A533 2007

Citing Medicine, 2nd. edition available as no-charge PDF

APA Style (American Psychological Association)

Used for: Behavioral and Social Sciences

Library Copy:  Publication manual of the American Psychological Association   Hesburgh Library Reference, Reference Desk -  BF 76.7 .P83 2010 [In-Library Use Only]

Purdue Owl for specific APA formats:

  1. Books
  2. Articles
  3. Web Pages
  4. Other sources: The left hand column lists all the formats.

Chicago Manual of Style

Used for: Arts, History, Literature, Sciences

Library Copy: Online

Purdue Owl for specific formats, Chicago Style

  1. Books
  2. Articles
  3. Web Sites
  4. Other formats  The left hand column lists all the formats.

IEEE Style Manual

Used for Engineering

No-charge PDF: IEEE Editorial Style Manual c 2014

IEEE Citation Reference (examples) 

MLA Style (Modern Language Association)

Used for: Literature, Humanities

Library Copy:  PN 147 .G444 2008

Purdue Owl for specific formats, MLA Style

  1. Books
  2. Articles
  3. Websites (page says electronic resources)
  4. Other Formats The left hand column lists all the formats.

National Library of Medicine (NLM) 

Used for: Medicine/Health Sciences

Citing Medicine (2nd edition) available as a no-charge PDF.

Special Topic: Citing Theological Sources 

Citation needed

By (originally posted to Flickr as "Citation needed") [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Citing Media

Citation and attribution can mean slightly different things when discussing images.  Citing vs Attribution gives examples and correct usage. 

APA for images

Chicago for images

MLA for images

Further Reading