Skip to main content

HIST 30147 - Early Chinese Empires


This course guide assists Professor Liang Cai's students in writing their final essay. It introduces

  1. reference sources (Getting Started) that provide background information for students' topic(s) of interest
  2. primary sources (Classical Chinese texts)
  3. secondary sources (Finding Articles & Books) where students can find scholarly information that can be used to develop and support their theses.

Getting Started

Classical Chinese Texts

English Translation

The Grand Scribe's Records, edited by William H. Nienhauser, Jr., is an ongoing project to produce the first complete English translation of Ssu-ma Ch ien's Shih chi. Of the eight volumes that have been published so far, only three are available in electronic format. For the volumes that are available only in print, refer to the table of contents/Google Preview to request a document delivery (pdf) of the pages you need.

  • Volume 1. The Basic Annals of Pre-Han China
  • Volume 2. The Basic Annals of the Han Dynasty
  • Volume 5. The Hereditary Houses of Pre-Han China
  • Volume 7. The Memoirs of Pre-Han China  (Table of Contents)
  • Volume 8. The Memoirs of Han China, Part I (Google Preview)
  • Volume 9. The Memoirs of Han China, Part II (coming soon)
  • Volume 10. The Memoirs of Han China, Part III (ebook)
  • Volume 11. The Memoirs of Han China, Part IV (ebook)

Finding Articles & Books