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Russian Language and Literature

Russian Literature

Russian literature is the term used to describe works produced in the Russian language, beginning with the Kievan Rus in the late 10th century.

Academic Programs, Department and Institutes at Notre Dame

Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Handbooks

Dictionaries are most often collections of words in one or more specific languages, usually arranged in alphabetical order, providing information like word meanings, usage, etymology, and, when they contain more than one language, translations. Some dictionaries include information more commonly found in encyclopedias.  Encyclopedias are collections of information on terms, figures, eras, locations also arranged alphabetically, and, alongside definitions of terms, they also include more in-depth general information on a topic. Encyclopedias can be general or subject-specific.


Biography provides a description of a person's life,  detailing the basic facts like birth and death, education, family background, etc. but also portraying the individual subject's experience of those life events.