As an architect begins a design problem, it is essential to develop a complete understanding of those precedents – historic/iconic, contextual, and programmatic – which might best inform his/her design process. Through the careful study of important buildings already designed, the architect learns the design principles which might, in turn, be applied to the resolution of new design challenges.
Before beginning the first design project of this course, our studio will start the semester with a project in building analysis. Each student will begin by selecting a series of historic buildings that illustrate the design principles presented in class. Then, he/she will use analytical diagrams as a means of studying those buildings and presenting the findings to his/her classmates.
This project is foundational to the subsequent design projects this semester (a Tuscan pavilion, a Doric addition to a theater, an Iconic archive building) and introduces techniques and concepts that are used throughout one's entire career. As each design project begins, students will analyze the precedents they deem most relevant to their ideas and to the particular design problems the project poses. Each time, these analyses will be carried out by applying the same methodology and by employing many of the same diagram types as here, in Project 1.
PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT:
Through a guided research assignment and instruction in building analysis, students will be prepared for their first design project having address the following goals and skills.
The Architecture Library houses valuable resources that will enhance your research and study of Architecture. Below is a quick guide to help you get started.
Explore your topic and develop a strategy for finding information. What are the most important aspects? These ideas becomes your 'keywords' for searching. For researching an architect, the architect's name is your keyword. For researching a style or movement, that name would be the keyword. It is important to start broadly and then narrow your search process.
It is helpful to create a chart that describes all aspects of what you are looking for.
|Example||Searching for a specific building|
|Architect's Name||Leon Battista Alberti|
|Building Name||Malatesta Temple|
|Alternate Names||Temio Malatestiano, Church of San Francesco at Rimini|
|Associated Names||Sigismondo Malatesta (patron), Pope Pius II, Isotta degli Atti|
|Associated Architects/Artists||Matteo de'Pasti, Piero della Francesca, Agostino di Duccio|
|Other Keywords||engaged columns, triumphal arch|