This is meant to be a quick reference guide for citing music materials using the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. While for many resources, music is no different than any other subject, it does have particular quirks. For example, in regards to streaming media, Chicago is less than explicit in how to cite these new sources. This guide contains some examples for students to study and emulate.
One common misconception is that you need to cite exactly where you found the resource, and that is not normally the case, though some do find it helpful. In most cases it is extraneous information. Cite the article, not the link to it on JSTOR. Cite the book, not the ProQuest eBook link. Cite the recording, not the Naxos/Spotify/YouTube link. Sources are available in many different ways. Unless the exact method of accessing it is crucial, do not include it in your citation.
For further information, consult the Chicago manual in print or online. Notre Dame students can access it here.
The most important thing to remember when creating a citation is: What information does someone need to find this resource?
A libretto is cited exactly like a book. Use the librettist as the author, normally identified as "Book by" or "Lyrics by"--if it is not clear who was responsible, cite all authors equally.
Spring Awakening / book and lyrics by Steven Sater ; music by Duncan Sheik. Published : New York : Theatre Communications Group, 2007.
|Sater, Steven. Spring Awakening. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 2007.|
|In the Heights : the complete book and lyrics of the Broadway musical / music and lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda ; book by Quiara Alegría Hudes ; conceived by Lin-Manuel Miranda. Published: Milwaukee, WI : Applause Theatre & Cinema Books, 2013.||Hudes, Quiara Alegria, and Lin-Manuel Miranda. In the Heights: The Complete Book and Lyrics of the Broadway Musical. Milwaukee: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books, 2013.|
|A Chorus Line / conceived, choreographed, and directed by Michael Bennett ; book by James Kirkwood & Nicholas Dante ; music by Marvin Hamlisch ; lyrics by Edward Kleban. Published : New York : Applause, c1995.||
Kirkwood, James, Nicholas Dante, and Edward Kleban. A Chorus Line. New York: Applause, 1995.
|The 9 Symphonies|
|Horowitz at Carnegie Hall: May 9, 1965|
New RefWorks™ is the latest version of the RefWorks citation management software designed to help you save, organize and format bibliographic citations that you find in databases such as the ND Catalog, OneSearch, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and more.
RefWorks’ Write-n-Cite software allows you to add and format citations in Word documents in a wide variety of citation styles. It is the officially supported citation and research manager software at the University of Notre Dame.
Documents created in the Legacy RefWorks interface are not compatible with the New RefWorks interface.
EndNote™ is reference management software with features to keep all your references and reference-related materials in a searchable personal library. Endnote also synchronize your references between up to three of your personal computers, an online library, and your iPad, through EndNote sync. (You must be the owner and user of all three computers.)
Endnote shares your references with collaborators through EndNote sync. EndNote also uses your references in word-processing documents to create formatted citations and bibliographies or independent reference lists.
Mendeley™ is a citation management software designed to help you save, organize and format bibliographic citations that you find in databases such as the ND Catalog, OneSearch, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and more. Mendeley is a desktop- and web application combining Mendeley Desktop, a PDF and reference management application (available for Windows, OS X and Linux) with Mendeley Web, an online social network for researchers.
The simplest way to get started is to Create a Mendeley account and open the web interface or download and install the desktop client for OS X or Windows.
Zotero™ is a citation management software designed to help you save, organize and format bibliographic citations that you find in databases such as the ND Catalog, OneSearch, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and more.
Zotero is a Firefox addon that collects, manages, and cites research sources. It's easy to use, lives in your web browser where you do your work, and best of all it's free. Zotero allows you to attach PDFs, notes and images to your citations, organize them into collections for different projects, and create bibliographies. It automatically updates itself periodically to work with new online sources and new bibliographic styles.